Task 4

TASK 4

TASK 4

Dissemination and stakeholder engagement

Task leader

Partners involved

The aim of this task is to ensure a full engagement with stakeholders throughout the implementation of the DecarbonyT project, from the introduction of the study to the collection of relevant input, and finally presentation of the results. This will be achieved through the involvement of the relevant Advisory Councils (MEDAC and BISAC) and the GFCM WGFiT working group meeting. 

Moreover, pilot technical meetings will be organized with fishers/gears manufacturers in each targeted fishery to define the pilot workplan, to discuss technical details, objectives, and strategies for the pilot phase. At the end of the pilot studies, each Subtask leader will organize a meeting with stakeholders of the fisheries involved, to communicate the pilot results. 

In its role of stakeholder and member of the Executive Committee of the Mediterranean Advisory Council (MEDAC), WWF coordinates the Working Group 3 on Green Deal, with the mandate to discuss and eventually agree on advices to be proposed to the Executive Committee for approval and submission to DGMARE. Within this Group, WWF will coordinate the efforts of the 

The Consortium (all partners) will take care to engage with stakeholders in different stages of progression of the study, to collect information and input, to present developments and results of the study (including pilot projects and socio-economic analysis) towards the identification of potential modification of fishing gears to reduce fuel consumption and increase efficiency. 

Building on the consolidated cooperation among the Secretariats of the two Advisory Councils, stakeholders of the BISAC will be looped in the meetings of the Working group, ensuring participated workshops with stakeholders from the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. 

Furthermore, through the status of Observer in GFCM, WWF will lead the presentation of progress achievements to the GFCM Working Group on Fishing Technology (WGFiT) at their annual meeting. 

The aims of Task 4 will be achieved through a set of key meetings that are listed in Table 3 of the Inception report. In total, three meetings will be organized for the stakeholders of the relevant Advisory Councils (MEDAC and BISAC). Furthermore, presentations of the project outcomes will be provided during a GFCM WGFiT meeting. To deliver on the above results, Task 4 has three subtasks. 

Subtasks

Subtask 4a.

Presenting the study and ensuring full engagement of stakeholders

Subtask 4a.

Presenting the study and ensuring full engagement of stakeholders
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Subtask 4b.

Discussing preliminary results and collect qualitative information on the impact of fuel cost increase on the sector

Subtask 4b.

Discussing preliminary results and collect qualitative information on the impact of fuel cost increase on the sector
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Subtask 4c.

Presenting results of the study and discussing the adoption of gear modifications

Subtask 4c.

Presenting results of the study and discussing the adoption of gear modifications
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Subtask 4d.

Create and maintain a project website and produce a Project Leaflet

Subtask 4d.

Create and maintain a project website and produce a Project Leaflet
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Subtask leader: Emilio Notti (CNR). 

Partners involved: CNR, ABT, CIBM, COISPA, CONISMA, FRI, HCMR, IEO-CSIC, IO-BAS, IOF, NIMRD, SZN, UTH. 

Effective rationalisation of energy consumption can only be achieved if waste factors are identified in advance. Following the procedures defined in Sala et al. (2022), energy audits will be implemented to establish baselines in the area/gear combinations specified in Table 1. DecarbonyT partners will perform energy audit surveys to: i) collect data and information in order to carry out an energy analysis of the harvesting operations; ii) process data collected and preparation of the audit reports; iii) identify areas of possible intervention. The energy audit surveys will be carried out on a sample of ten fishing vessels in each area/gear combination stratified by vessel length and engine power. Vessels monitored and evaluated in the pilot studies (Task 2) will be included.

FRAMEWORK CONTRACT – EASME/EMFF/2020/OP/0021 14 / 60 

in the samples of the ten vessels / area-gear combinations so that they will be used as a validation exercise of the Energy audit approach. 

A standard layout for the information collection will be discussed and settled during the first coordination meeting (Orientation meeting, see §Task 0. Project management and scientific coordination and Table 4). 

Collect information on innovations that are targeting drag force reduction and fishing gear modifications (e.g., alternative designs of door, trawl net, ground gear). The review will explore those suggested modifications that are suitable to the fishing fleet in terms of innovation uptake. This should include the compilation and critical review of best practices in towed fishing gear operations. 

To compile, through reviews on existing technical literature and data, on fuel consumption, information useful to determine which are the most energy efficient techniques and vessel characteristics in terms of catch per unit of primary energy. 

Where available, information should be broken down by major fishery and by different metiers and vessel sizes. This information should, where possible, indicate how energy consumption is distributed among the different operations, including steaming, searching, catching, handling, and storing on board. The result would take the form of a catalogue of fishing gear and vessel characteristics and a quantification of their performance in terms of energy efficiency. 

Subtask leader: Tommaso Russo (CONISMA). 

Partners involved: CONISMA, CIBM, CNR, FRI, HCMR, IEO-CSIC, IOF. 

This specific objective will be pursued primarily through the integrated analysis of Fisheries Dependent Information (FDI) data and Annual Economic Report (AER) on the EU Fishing Fleet. Combining the AER information with the FDI data it would be possible to estimate the fuel use intensity at gear level (STECF, 2023). Basically, spatial and temporal patterns of fishing effort and related catches and landings will be combined, at the level of individual fleet segments, with fuel consumption to carry out a top-down reconstruction of the spatial pattern of the FUI (litres of fuel per ton of landed fish) and EUI (litres of fuel per unit of effort). 

According to the exercise carried out in the Annual Economic Report 2023 (AER), fuel intensity (i.e. the quantity of fuel consumed per quantity of fish landed) and fuel efficiency (i.e. the ratio between fuel costs and revenue, expressed as a percentage) will be estimated from DCF-FDI and AER for all possible fleet segments among those identified in the proposal, based on available information. 

In parallel, an application that models the fuel consumption of individual vessels (including steaming and fishing phases) to obtain a bottom-up estimation of the fuel consumption and carbon emission at the scale of fleet segment will be developed. This bottom-up modelling approach will be implemented through the set-up and the application of a fully functional R-based procedure that, starting from: 

remote tracking device data (e.g., VMS, AIS), and; 

a set of parameters, such as those published in Sala et al. (2022) (see Figures 7 and 8) 

will return the estimated carbon footprint of each fishing vessel, according to its spatial behaviour and fishing strategy (i.e., the combination of steaming towards fishing grounds and fishing activity). A specific data call will be established and launched to Member States by DGMARE with the support of the Consortium to collect VMS data of vessels operating with the fishing gears and in the areas listed in Table 1. An alternative/integrative source of information will be represented by AIS data provided from public platforms such as Global Fishing Watch. 

This procedure will represent a tool to project the performance of fleets by gear and area in terms of carbon footprint which would be used to inform stakeholders about the potential effects of the implementation of the new gears. 

Subtask leader: Anna Nora Tassetti (CNR). 

Partners involved: CIBM, CNR, CONISMA, HCMR, IEO-CSIC, IOF. 

This Subtask aims to identify new baselines of fuel consumption from vessels employing experimental gears. Energy consumption data from individual vessels obtained in the pilot project for improved fishing gears development and testing at sea (Task 2) and energy audits implemented in Subtask 1a will be analysed to determine baselines of fuel consumption by gear/area combination (including steaming and fishing phases) to update where possible, the results described by Sala et al. (2022). 

In addition, the procedure developed in Subtask 1b will be applied using as input parameters the new baselines of fuel consumption. In this way, a new estimation of the overall carbon footprint by fleet/gear and area will be obtained. 

Finally, a comparison of the overall fuel consumption and carbon emissions, obtained from previous and new baselines, will be performed. This comparison will provide valuable information about the performance of new gears in terms of carbon emissions while informing about the effectiveness of gear modifications in the reduction of fishing fuel footprint. 

In addition, the objectives of this Subtask will be also achieved through the application of the approaches described in Subtask 1b. In this way, the baselines of fuel consumption by gear/area will be obtained using the set of parameters published in Sala et al. (2022) or, when possible, the additional values collected in the energy audits of Subtask 1a.